Using Linux: Understanding the Linux Directory Structure

If you’re coming from Windows, the Linux file system structure can seem particularly alien. The C:\ drive and drive letters are gone, replaced by a forward slash “/” and some various cryptic-sounding directories, most of which have three letter names. The whole system can be a bit confusing and frustrating, so I’ve composed this article which will hopefully clear up some of the obscurity behind the Linux directory structure and shed new light on how it works and what it all means. Continue reading Using Linux: Understanding the Linux Directory Structure

Using Linux: Viewing All Active Processes & Programs

Sometimes you need to find out what’s going on behind the scenes on your computer system to answer various questions such as, “why is my system running slowly” – “is malicious software installed on my system” – “what can I cut out to maximize performance” etc. Here’s how to do it… Continue reading Using Linux: Viewing All Active Processes & Programs

Using Linux: Solving the Frozen GUI Login Screen



This post is a re-post of a bug report that I posted on the Ask Ubuntu forum. You can view the original article/topic at the following URL: Continue reading Using Linux: Solving the Frozen GUI Login Screen

Using Linux: Exploring System Hardware

Weather you’re a hardcore gamer looking to discover weaknesses within your gaming command center or a curious Linux power-user wanting to calculate your hashing power for password cracking or cryptocurrency mining or perhaps you’re just curious about what’s under the hood – HERE’S HOW TO DO IT! Continue reading Using Linux: Exploring System Hardware

Stoken 2FA – A ‘Google Authenticator’ App For Linux

If you are using a Linux-based computer, you can easily run a two factor authentication program which performs all of the functions of popular Google Authenticator app from inside your terminal. Just install Stoken (a name derived by the combination of the words “Software” and “Token”) by running the following command:
 sudo apt-get install stoken

Continue reading Stoken 2FA – A ‘Google Authenticator’ App For Linux


I hereby claim:

* I am an admin of
 * I am 1010 ( on keybase.
 * I have a public key ASD88fgaRJM1MGE9b1B-SNvofER29oeHlUjjchuSlHMcWwo

To do so, I am signing this object:

 "body": {
 "key": {
 "eldest_kid": "0120fcf1f81a44933530613d6f507e48dbe87c4476f687879548e3721b9294731c5b0a",
 "host": "",
 "kid": "0120fcf1f81a44933530613d6f507e48dbe87c4476f687879548e3721b9294731c5b0a",
 "uid": "7a5df5ffa0dec2228d90b8d0a0f1b019",
 "username": "1010"
 "service": {
 "hostname": "",
 "protocol": "https:"
 "type": "web_service_binding",
 "version": 1
 "client": {
 "name": " go client",
 "version": "1.0.23"
 "ctime": 1496283132,
 "expire_in": 504576000,
 "merkle_root": {
 "ctime": 1496283111,
 "hash": "316cb80ca942d531ebbd975fab4b91da7ef8ae8df3194090b030b3fbc5d2886d91e583e23910cfd9db22b299419004e7bf0aebc530613f082853d340f51ea1f1",
 "seqno": 1133675
 "prev": "b794dd73b165a497b6fd8cdf960a7abcc33d4feaebf517a585330e3275a78c7e",
 "seqno": 8,
 "tag": "signature"

which yields the signature:


And finally, I am proving ownership of this host by posting or
 appending to this document.

View my publicly-auditable identity here: